Green Building Publications & Reports

Recent Report #1

For autonomous vehicles to receive acceptance, society must have a positive perception about their safety.

Featured Report #2

For autonomous vehicles to receive acceptance, society must have a positive perception about their safety.

Featured Report #3

Assessing the public transportation industry’s training practices, interests, priorities,and  training needs.

Publications & Reports Database

We make our publications and reports available to the public. Use the drop-down menus in the table below to find all publications by topic or specific researcher. Use specific keywords in the Search field to search for title, summary, and other fields displayed below. Use the up or down arrows to sort each column.

TitleYearSubject Area(s)Summaryhf:tags
Monitoring summertime indoor overheating and pollutant risks and natural ventilation patterns of seniors in public housing.2023

Led by Ioanna Tsoulou, Ruikang He, Clint Andrews and Jen Senick, this study investigates exposures to summertime indoor overheating and airborne particulate matter (PM2.5) experienced by low-income seniors and explores the potential of natural ventilation on maintaining good indoor thermal conditions and air quality (IAQ).

indoor-air-quality
Implementing the energy transition: lessons from New Jersey’s residential solar industry2023, ,

This research by Kocakusak, Senick and Andrews investigates the effects of two countervailing forces – policy incentives and implementation disincentives – on residential solar adoption in New Jersey.

federalism photovoltaics policy-implementation renewable-energy renewable-energy-policy solar-energy
Effect of heatwaves on PM2.5 levels in apartments of low-income elderly population. A case study using low-cost air quality monitors2023,

Authored by Ruikang He, Ioanna Tsoulou, Sanjeevi Thirumurugesan, Brian Morgan, Stephania Gonzalez, Deborah Plotnik, Jennifer Senick, Clinton Andrews, Gediminas Mainelis, this article studies the effect of high outdoor temperatures on airborne particulate matter (PM2.5) in Elizabeth, NJ.

Behaving or not? Explaining energy conservation via identity, values, and awareness in U.S. suburban homes2022

Authored by Andrews, C.J and others. Comparing electricity consumption of suburban households with similar socio-economic, demographic, and geographic profiles to possible roles of social-psychological and behavioral factors.

electricity-consumption energy-conservation suburban
AI in Planning: Opportunities and Challenges and How to Prepare2022

Authored by Clinton Andrews, AICP, Keith Cooke, Alexsandra Gomez, Petra Hurtado, PhD, Thomas Sanchez, Sagar Shah, PhD, AICP, Norman Wright, AICP Summarizes finding and suggesting initial ideas on how planners can prepare for AI, its potential impacts, ensuring AI-based planning tools are used in equitable and inclusive ways, and developing and using AI-based planning tools.

artificial-intelligence
Planning the Built Environment and Land Use Towards Deep Decarbonization of the United States2022

Authored by David Hsu, Clinton J. Andrews, Albert T. Han, Carolyn G. Loh, Anna C. Osland, and Christopher P. Zegras, this article analyzes the consequences of deep decarbonization for the future speed, scale, scope, role, and relevance of planning.

decarbonization land-use net-zero planning
New Jersey 2020 and 2021 Retail Lighting Sales Data Analysis2022

An analysis of national lighting sales to assess the relative progress of LED market shares in states with retail lighting programs in comparison to non-program states prepared for the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJBPU), New Jersey’s Clean Energy Program, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Programs.

New Jersey Energy Code Compliance Study2022

DNV and its study partner NMR completed the New Jersey Energy Code Compliance study for Rutgers, The State University  and the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJBPU).

Draft Report: New Jersey Non-Residential Lighting Market Characterization2022

The primary objective of this study was to assess the status of the C&I lighting market in New Jersey, completed on behalf of the Rutgers Center for Green Building, and the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJBPU)

Ten questions concerning agent-based modeling of occupant behavior for energy and environmental performance of buildings2022

Authored by Jeetika Malik, Ardeshir Mahdavi, Elie Azar, Handi Chandra Putra, Christiane Berger, Clinton Andrews, Tianzhen Hong. This paper presents ten questions that highlight the most important issues regarding ABM research and applications for occupant behavior in the context of building performance simulation.

agent-based-modeling
Cost-Benefit Analysis of the NJCEP Energy Efficiency Programs: FY2018 Retrospective Summary Report & Avoided Costs2021

The Rutgers Center for Green Building is contracted by the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJBPU) to conduct cost-benefit analysis of the FY2018 residential, commercial and industrial New Jersey Clean Energy Program energy efficiency programs.

Cost-Benefit Analysis of the NJCEP Energy Efficiency Programs: FY2017 Retrospective and FY2019 Summary Reports with Avoided Costs Commentary2021

The Rutgers Center for Green Building was asked by the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJBPU) to conduct a cost-benefit analysis of the FY2017 residential, commercial and industrial New Jersey Clean Energy Program energy efficiency programs.

energy-efficiency njcep
Co-production of Community-based Air Quality Education Intervention to Reduce Exposures for Health Promotion and Environmental Justice2021

Authored by Senick, J., Sorensen Allacci, M., He, R., Mainelis, G., Jones, P. This workshop shares knowledge and strategies related to building just communities and accessing just technologies in context of a 4-year campaign to co-produce a series of air quality interventions at a US Census low-income affordable housing site in Elizabeth, NJ, USA.

Residential Indoor Air Quality Interventions through a Social-Ecological Systems Lens: A Systematic Review2021

Authored by Tsoulou, Ioanna; Senick, Jennifer; Kim, Sunyoung; Mainelis, Gedi. This study aimed to assess the impact of indoor air purification on cardiopulmonary biomarkers in young healthy adults using randomized crossover trial.

iaq indoor-air-quality
Estimating lung deposition of fungal spores using actual airborne spore concentrations and physiological data2021

Authored by Secondo, Lynn; Sagona, Jessica; Calderon, Leonardo; Wang, Zuocheng; Plotnik, Debroah; Senick, Jennifer; Sorensen-Allacci, MaryAnn; Wener, Richard; Andrews, Clinton; Mainelis, Gediminas. This paper uses real-world environmental measurement data of total fungal spores using Air-o-Cell cassettes in 16 different apartments and residents’ physiological data in those apartments to predict respiratory deposition of the spores.

Evaluation of two low-cost PM monitors under different laboratory and indoor conditions2020

Authored by Ruikang He, Taewon Han, Daniel Bachman, Dominick J Carluccio, Rudolph Jaeger, Jie Zhang, Sanjeevi Thirumurugesan, Clinton Andrews & Gediminas Mainelis. This study evaluated three Foobot units and three AirVisual Nodes in two laboratory environments and in one residential apartment when measuring five types of aerosols.

airvisual foobot
An integrated model of real estate market responses to coastal flooding2020,

Authored by Chandra-Putra H, Andrews C.J. This paper introduces an integrated agent-based and hedonic pricing modeling system to simulate coastal real estate market performance under non-equilibrium conditions that reflect the effects of storm events.

costal-flooding hurricane-sandy monmouth-county
Presence and variability of culturable bioaerosols in three multi-family apartment buildings with different ventilation systems in the Northeastern US2020

Authored by Thomas Myers, Nirmala, Calderόn, Leonardo, Pavilonis, Brian, Wang, Zuocheng, Xiong, Youyou, Sorensen-Allacci, MaryAnn, Plotnik, Deborah, Senick, Jennifer, Gong, Jie, Krogmann, Uta, Andrews, Clinton J., Mainelis, Gediminas. In 2011-2015, the presence and seasonal variability of culturable fungi and bacteria in three multi-family apartment buildings and correlated the bioaerosol concentrations with building ventilation system types and environmental parameters were examined.

bioaerosols hvac-systems
Training Students to Improve Coastal Resilience2020,

Authored by Ferraro, C., Jordan, R., Kopp, R. E., Bond, S. L., Gong, J., Andrews, C. J., Auermuller, L. M., Herb, J., & McDonnell, J. Addressing risks posed by changing climate conditions in coastal areas demands innovative strategies that intersect multiple disciplines including engineering, ecology, communication, climate science, and community planning.

coastal-climate-risk-and-resilience
Toward a research agenda on climate‐related migration2020,

Authored by Andrews, C. J. This article proposes a migration-oriented research agenda for industrial ecology based on an examination of migration flows and ways of thinking about them, variations across contexts, implications for infrastructure and housing, the framing of climate-related migration, and short-term and longer-term fluctuations in the demand for shelter and services in high- and low-income countries.

Co-Creation of New Jersey’s 1st Health and Food Systems Municipal Master Plan Element2020

Authored by Senick, J. A comprehensive plan that provides a long-range vision for the built environment of a community. It guides the appropriate use of lands within a municipality in order to protect the public health and safety and to promote general welfare.

Energy Technologies as Social Innovations2020

Authored by Senick, J. This research aims to answer the question: how do organizational use structures influence energy technology outcomes in tenanted office buildings in the US?

Hometown Dashboard: Smart Cities Technologies for Improving Quality of Life2020

Authored by Andrews, C., Senick, J. Tsoulou, I., Putra, H.C., Metaxas, D., Kapadia, M., Mittler, Gayle B. Hometown Dashboard is a proposed set of smart city technologies for improving Quality of Life (QoL) in small towns and cities, which often cannot afford custom apps and in-house smart-community capabilities.

Change of Occupancy Building Code Change Proposal2020

Authored by Senick, J., Hattis, D., Andrews, C., Listokin, D. and Souder, J.

An integrated model of the real estate market responses to coastal flooding2020,

Authored by Chandra-Putra, H., and C.J. Andrews. This paper introduces an integrated agent-based and hedonic pricing modeling system to simulate coastal real estate market performance under non-equilibrium conditions that reflect the effects of storm events.

costal-flooding monmouth-county
Designing to Engage Children in Monitoring Indoor Air Quality: A Participatory Approach2020

Authored by Kim, Sunyoung, Li, Muyang, Senick, Jennifer, Mainelis, Gediminas. This paper describes an effort to engage children directly in the design of an IAQ visualization interface for children.

indoor-air-quality
Summertime Thermal Conditions and Senior Resident Behaviors in Public Housing: A Case Study in Elizabeth,NJ, USA2020

Authored by Tsoulou, Ioanna; Andrews, Clinton J.; He, Ruikang; Mainelis, Gediminas; Senick, Jennifer This paper examines the summertime thermal performance of 24 senior apartments within 3 public housing sites and the seniors’ adaptive responses in Elizabeth, NJ, USA.

elizabeth heat-waves nj usa
Application of three different data streams to study building deficiencies, indoor air quality, and residents’ health2020

Authored by Thomas Myers, Nirmala; Calderόn, Leonardo; Senick, Jennifer; Sorensen Allacci, MaryAnn; Plotnik, Deborah; Guo, Mengyang; Yu, Yi; Gong, Jie; Andrews, Clinton J.; Mainelis, Gediminas. This project investigated the potential to use, integrate, and correlate traditional indoor air quality.

indoor-air-quality
The Potential and Pitfalls for Battery Storage in New Jersey2019

Heat Waves, Seniors, and Low-Income Housing: Organizational Factors in Individual Adaptive Behavior2019

Authored by Senick, Jennifer, Tsoulou, Ioanna, Andrews, Clinton, Mainelis, Gediminas, He, Ruikang, Plotnik, Deborah. A presentation on Heat Waves, Seniors, and Low-Income Housing: Organizational Factors in Individual Adaptive Behavior IFoU 12th Annual Conference Beyond Resilience Universitas Tarumanangara, Jakarta 27-29 June 2019

Cost-Effective Methods for Detection and Improvements of Energy Performance & Indoor Air Quality2019

A presentation by Dr. Jennifer Senick on the Cost-Effective Methods for Detection & Improvement of Indoor Air Quality.

indoor-air-quality
Humanizing Building Technology and Experience: a Collaborative Forum for Re-envisioning Sustainable, Healthy Buildings and Occupants2019

Authored by Senick, Jennifer, Andrews, Clinton, Wang, Nora, Phelan, Patrick, Wener, Richard, this paper develops a typology of categories of evidence and of the routes by which evidence influences design.

Using Computer Simulations to Understand Sustainable Lifestyles and Behaviour2019

Authored by Craig, Tony, Wener, Richard, Garcia Mira, Ricardo, Senick, Jennifer. Symposium: Using Computer Simulations to Understand Sustainable Lifestyles and Behavior. 

University of the Future2019

Laying the Groundwork for Dementia Friendly City Centers: Community Visioning and Outcomes2019

Authored by Roberts, Emily, Anderzhon, Jeff, Hiatt, Lorraine, Sodo, Jennifer, Fonseca Pereira, Gabriela, Senick, Jennifer. The publication describes a participatory planning process and the supporting highlights of information used to develop Dementia Friendly City Centers.

dementia
Longevity Economy: Creating Opportunities for Growth, Health and Wellness2019

Innovation for Dementia Care: Results of a recent workshop in Oklahoma City2019

Authored by Senick, Jennifer, Roberts, Emily. This project aims to present the results of a recent workshop in Oklahoma City on dementia care.

alzheimers dementia
Communicating About Flood Risks to Real Estate Markets2019

Authored by Senick, Jennifer, Andrews, Clinton, Pfeiffer, Marc, Manzella, Mike. This project presents research sponsored by the New Jersey Sea Grant Consortium (NJSGC) with funds from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

NJ Multifamily Baseline Study2019

Through the study, data was collected for a sample of multifamily properties in New Jersey that can be used to establish a baseline profile of building characteristics and appliance types in the multifamily market segment. Report prepared for the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (NJBPU), New Jersey’s Clean Energy Program, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Programs.

Powers of Division: “Smart” Spaces as Controlling Workplace Activity Fragmentation2019

Authored by Stiles, J., and Andrews, C. This article argues that “smart” workspaces are created through access to wireless networks and mobile cloud computing collaboration software.

Improving Air Quality in Your Home2019

This guide presents some suggestions that you can follow to improve Indoor Air Quality in your home.

indoor-air-quality
Improving Air Quality: A Guide for Property Owners2019

This guide provides an overview of air improvement strategies that fall within the purview of property owners and managers. Moreover, the guide places greater emphasis on air quality improvement strategies that double as effective heatwave resiliency measures.

indoor-air-quality
Assessing “green” and “resilient” building features using a purposeful systems approach2019

Authored by Hewitt, Elizabeth; Oberg, Angela; Coronado, Carla; Andrews, Clinton. This paper questions the relevance of green building features to support resilience during a disruption, relying on fieldwork conducted at a green multifamily building before and after the 2012 Hurricane Sandy

hurricane-sandy
Investigation of Indoor Air Quality Determinants in a Field Study using Three Different Data Streams2019

This project investigated the potential to use, integrate, and correlate traditional indoor air quality investigation data and the use of questionnaires with spatially resolved infrared thermography imaging to investigate building deficiencies and their role in indoor air quality and residents’ health in two residential multi-apartment buildings.

indoor-air-quality
Best Innovative Practices for Achieving Energy Efficiency in Commercial and Multi-Family Buildings through Land Use Planning and Zoning Regulations, Policies and Incentives2019,

Van Epp, T.; Senick; J. and Souder, J. (2015). Best Innovative Practices for Achieving Energy …

Acknowledging culture within cultures: Behavioral interventions for improving health outcomes in green buildings2019,

Sorensen Allacci, M., Senick, J., Plotnik, D. (2015). Acknowledging culture within cultures:  Behavioral interventions for improving health …

Comparison of different models to estimate inhalation exposures to mold spores in a multi-apartment residential green building2019,

Sagona, J., Calderón, L., Xiong, Y., Wang, Z., Senick, J., Sorensen-Allacci, M.A., Plotnik, D., Wener, …

Airborne Particulate Matter Exposure in Green Multi-family Buildings2019,

Patton, A.. Calderón, L. Xiong, Y., Wang, Z. Senick, J., Sorensen-Allacci, M.A., Plotnik, D., Wener, …

Application of different models to estimate inhalation exposures to mold spores in a multi-apartment residential green building2019,

Sagona, J., Calderón, L., Wang, Z., Senick, J., Sorensen-Allacci, M.A., Plotnik, D., Wener, R., Andrews, …

Exposure to Airborne Particulate Matter in Multi-family Green Buildings2019,

Patton, A., Calderón, L,. Xiong, Y., Wang, Z , Senick, J., Sorensen-Allacci, M.A., Plotnik, D., …

Saving energy while revitalizing older downtowns2019

Plan4Health: Partnering Across Sectors2019,

Hartig, E., Senick, J., Peterson, J., Missy, D. Plan4Health: Partnering Across Sectors. American Planning Association …

Change of Occupancy Building Code Change Proposal2019,

Senick, J., Hattis, D., Andrews, C., Listokin, D. and Souder, J. Change of Occupancy Building …

Hometown Dashboard: Smart Cities Technologies for Improving Quality of Life-Highland Park, NJ2019

Co-Creation of New Jersey’s 1st Health and Food Systems Municipal Master Plan Element2019,

Senick, J. Co-Creation of New Jersey’s 1st Health and Food Systems Municipal Master Plan Element. …

Using synthetic population data for prospective modeling of occupant behavior during design2019

Authored by C.J. Andrews, M. Sorensen Allacci, J.A. Senick, H. Chandra Putra, and I. Tsoulou. This paper addresses the challenge of incorporating occupant behavior into building performance simulation models used during the design process—that is, before the actual occupants are known.

Planning for Healthy Communities2019

Understanding Apartment End Use Water Consumption in Two Green Residential Multistory Buildings2019

Authored by Jordán-Cuebas, F., Krogmann, U., Andrews, C.J., Senick, J.A., Hewitt, E.L., Wener, R.E., Sorensen Allaci, M.A., Plotnik, D. The objective of this study was to gain a better understanding of the drivers of indoor water consumption in urban multistory residential buildings, to accurately predict residential water demand, and identify water saving opportunities.

Sensing the invisible: Understanding the perception of indoor air quality among children in low-income families2019

Authored by Sunyoung Kim, Jennifer Senick, Gediminas Mainelis. This publication discusses how its findings could be applied to the future design of persuasive IAQ monitoring technologies.

indoor-air-quality
Life Cycle Cost Analysis of the New Jersey Meadowlands Commission Center for Environmental and Scientific Education Building2018

Authored by Krogmann, U., Minderman, N., Senick, J. and Andrews, C.J. To better understand the costs and benefits that will accrue from the decision to make this a green building, the NJMC has contracted the Rutgers Center for Green Building to conduct a Life Cycle Cost Analysis of the building using the building plans and specifications as inputs to the analysis.

Indoor air quality in green buildings: A case-study in a residential high-rise building in the northeastern US.2018

Authored by Xiong, U. Krogmann, G. Mainelis, L. Rodenberg, C.J. Andrews. In this case annual indoor air quality measurements were conducted in a residential green high-rise building for five consecutive years by an industrial hygiene contractor to comply with the building’s GBTC requirements.

indoor-air-quality
Managing Heat Waves in Affordable Housing – Environmental Design Research Association (EDRA)2018

Results of a new study of how residents cope with heat waves at the Housing Authority of the City of Elizabeth, New Jersey (HACE).

The Role of Buildings in Climate Adaptation. Climate Change Preparedness in New Jersey2018

Authored by Jennifer Senick and Elizabeth Hewitt. The Rutgers Center for Green Building (RCGB) has partnered with the New Jersey Climate Adaptation Alliance (NJCAA) to assist in NJCAA’s development of a set of recommendations to further the State’s climate change preparedness in the buildings sector.

Employing the UN SDGs as an Organizing Framework for Research and Action2017

Instrumentation in Behavioral Research: Heat Waves, Seniors, and Low-Income Housing2017

Sustainable Behavior and Planning Models for Healthy Cities2017

Impacts of Nature-based Solutions: Developing the Evidence Base2017

Plan Alignment: Creating Comprehensive Health Plans2017

Authored by Senick, Jennifer. This session highlights lessons learned from 3 Plan4Health communities as well as recommendations from the American Hospital Association.

Managing Heat Waves in Affordable Housing – American Planning Association 2018 National Planning Conference2017

This study examines how residents cope with heat waves at the Housing Authority of the City of Elizabeth, New Jersey.

elizabeth newark
Characterizing Human Behavior across Scales from Building to City2017,

Andrews, C. J., Mainelis, G., Senick, J., Tsoulou, I., Thirumurugesan, S., Morgan, B., He, R., …

Application of Consumer-grade Sensors to Study the Effect of Heatwaves on Indoor Air Quality.2017

How do Heat Waves affect Seniors living in Affordable Housing?2017

How seniors living in public housing cope with heat waves2017

Planning for Behavior Change towards Sustainability2017

Highland Park Solar Islanding Project2017

This report analyzes the power demands and associated functions that could be sustained by three existing solar installations in Highland Park, if they were converted into solar power islands.

highland-park
Synthetic Populations of Building Office Occupants and Behaviors2017

Authored by Senick J.A., Andrews C.J., Chandra-Putra H., Tsoulou I., Sorensen-Allacci M.A. The goal of this chapter is to convey a novel approach to overcoming the limitations of case study research of building occupant behavior in workplace settings by pooling samples and creating a synthetic population of building occupants and behaviors.

An Examination of Policy Options for Achieving Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reductions in New Jersey2017,

Authored by Pacyniak, G., N. Kaufman, J. Bradbury, A. Veysey, H. Macbeth, M. Goetz, M. Kaplan, J. Herb, J. Senick, T. Abrahamian, and K. Zyla. This report explores policy options for the State of New Jersey in advancing statutory limits to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

An agent-based model of building occupant behavior during load shedding2017

Authored by Handi Chandra Putra, Clinton J. Andrews, Jennifer A. Senick. Less well-studied are the impacts of load shedding on building occupants, hence this study investigates those impacts on occupant comfort and adaptive behaviors.

Fine­grained inequity: Linking urban metabolism to indoor air quality2017

Cost-Effective Detection of Multi-Family Housing-Related Health and Safety Standards2017

Authored by Andrews, C.J., Gong, J., Mainelis, G., Senick, J., Sorensen Allacci, M., Plotnik, D., Calderon, L., Guo, M., Thomas, N., Yu, Y., Pavilones, B., Raja, P., and Liu, B. This project addresses the need for the development of low-cost test methods and protocols for identification and assessment of housing-related hazards.

Comparison of real-time instruments and gravimetric method when measuring particulate matter in a residential building2017

Authored by Jennifer Senick, Richard Wener, Clinton J. Andrews. This study used several real-time and filter-based aerosol instruments to measure PM2.5 levels in a high-rise residential green building in the northeastern United States and compared performance of those instruments.

Energy-Efficient Reuse of Existing Commercial Buildings2017

Authored by Alomar, R., D. Nickel, S. Malone, Z. Tech-Czarny, W. Kurzenberger, T. Barracato. This paper characterizes the challenge using a regional survey of code officials and interviews with redevelopers, and explores how to improve outcomes.

HUD: Cost-Effective Detection of Multi-Family Housing-Related Health and Safety Hazards2017

This project tested and refined cost-effective methods for detecting health and safety hazards in affordable housing and compared these with and possibly augments conventional practices of identifying and mitigating such hazards.

Distinguishing Between Green Building Occupants’ Reasoned and Unplanned Behaviors2016

Authored by Elizabeth L. Hewitt, Clinton J. Andrews, Jennifer A. Senick, Richard E. Wener, Uta Krogmann & MaryAnn Sorensen Allacci. The aim of this paper is to advance knowledge of reasoned and unplanned behaviors in the context of pro-environmental action.

household-energy
Airborne Particulate Matter in Two Multi-Family Green Buildings: Concentrations and Effect of Ventilation and Occupant Behavior.2016

Authored by Senick, J.; Sorensen Allacci, M.; Plotnik, D.; Wener, R.; Andrews, C.; Krogmann, U. This research evaluated effects of ventilation, occupant behaviors, and overall building design on PM mass concentrations and I/O.

Eco-evolutionary Pathways Toward Industrial Cities2015

Authored by J. Herb and J. Senick. This article brings jobs, housing, and environmental considerations together in an agent-based model of industrial and household location. It shows that four classic outcomes emerge from the interplay of a relatively small number of explanatory factors.

Investigation of Bioaerosols and other Indoor Air Quality Parameters in Two Green Residential Buildings in the Northeastern US2015

Using Information from Buildings to Improve Cities – Sustainable Cities Research Collaboration Network Workshop2014,

The Sustainable Cities RCN held a workshop at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, NJ, on …

White Paper: Comparing and Contrasting New Jersey and Pennsylvania Regulatory and Institutional Frameworks for Land Use Planning and Zoning as they relate to facilitating Energy Efficiency in Commercial and Multifamily Buildings2014

The primary objectives of Subtask 6.2 are to assess regional codes and standards policy barriers to Advanced Energy Retrofits, and to develop and demonstrate strategies for overcoming them.

Literature Review and White Paper: Best Innovative Practices for Achieving Energy Efficiency in Commercial and Multi-Family Buildings through Land Use Planning and Zoning Regulations, Policies, and Incentives2014

This paper intends to fill three gaps in the available literature on facilitating energy efficiency in buildings.

White Paper: Energy Efficiency Provisions in Building Rehabilitation Codes for Commercial Buildings – Pennsylvania & New Jersey2014

Both Pennsylvania and New Jersey have adopted statewide mandatory codes applicable to the new construction and rehabilitation of commercial buildings

Using Planning Tools to Promote Energy Efficiency2014,

This document reflects the outcomes of the graduate-level studio, Planning Standards to Encourage Energy Efficiency Retrofits in the Delaware Valley, conducted at Rutgers University’s Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy in Fall 2013.

Modeling Real Estate Market Responses to Coastal Flooding2014

This paper presents an agent-based model to capture some of the main features of the housing market that emerges from interactions between autonomous buyers and sellers.

Preliminary Report: Scaling Up Advanced Energy Retrofits within Large Portfolios of Commercial Buildings2014

This paper investigates the relative efficacy of different approaches to achieving rapid adoption of energy efficiency measures among owners of large portfolios of buildings.

Preliminary Report: Incorporating Information on Occupant Behavior into Building Energy Models.2014

This paper asks what we can learn by incorporating more detailed information about occupant behavior into models.

Preliminary User Needs Assessment and Responses to a Novel Human-Machine Interface for a Building Control and Diagnostics System2014

A research team performed a user needs assessment and a preliminary evaluation of the effectiveness of a novel human-machine interface (HMI) for a building control and diagnostics system.

Preliminary Experimental Evaluations of Occupant Behavior during Load Shedding2014

This report describes the the behavioral effects load shedding may have on occupants of buildings undergoing the treatment.

RCGB Annual Report 2012-20132014

The Rutgers Center for Green Building seeks to establish itself as the pre-eminent interdisciplinary center for green building excellence in the Northeast, while serving as a single accessible locus for fostering collaboration among green building practitioners and policymakers.

Energy Efficiency and Occupant Behavior2013

This research on energy efficiency and occupant behavior in multi-tenanted buildings provides valuable insights into the challenges that confront the goal of achieving a 50% energy reduction in commercial buildings in the Greater Philadelphia region by 2014.

Expanding the Definition of Green: Impacts of Green and Active Living Design on Health in Low Income Housing: Added Value of Behavioral Interventions as part of an Integrated Service Delivery Model2013

The study used a participatory research design to investigate whether green-building objectives were in conflict with or complementary to health-related objectives for residents.

Green Residential Home Study: A Shore Community in New Jersey2013

This case study focuses on a high-performance single family home built to the Silver standard set by the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for Homes by Fluid Construction in a shore community in New Jersey.

Relative Importance of Electricity Sources and Construction Practices in Residential Buildings: A Swiss-U.S. Comparison of Energy Related Life-Cycle Impacts2013

This study assess the effect of rating systems and construction practices on the buildings’ environmental impacts

Climate Choice Homes Research & Development Project2013

This report summarizes the work funded under the New Jersey Clean Energy Program Climate Choice Home (NJCC) R&D Project.

Costs and Benefits of Residential Energy Efficiency Investments2013

This study investigates the costs and benefits of investments in residential energy efficiency in New Jersey

A Multi-Agent Model of a Small Firm2013

This paper presents a bottom-up view of industrial ecosystems by examining the interpersonal dynamics that influence corporate environmental behavior.

Life-Cycle Assessment of the New Jersey Meadowlands Commission Center for Environmental and Scientific Education Building2013

To better understand the environmental impacts and benefits from this green building, the NJMC contracted the Rutgers Center for Green Building to conduct a Life Cycle Assessment using the building plans and specifications as inputs to the analysis.

new-jersey-meadowlands-commission
Empowering Sustainable Consumption2013

This research discusses consumer behavior and its significant environmental impacts, and consumers need help from third parties to recognize better choices.

Waterfront Technology Center Study: A New Jersey Economic Development Authority Building2013

The case study building is the New Jersey Economic Development Authority’s (NJEDA) Waterfront Technology Center (Tech Center) in Camden, NJ.

Maplewood Police and Court Building: A Post Occupancy Evaluation2013

This case study assessed the Maplewood Police and Court Building, the 33rd LEED certified building in NJ and the first municipal building to be certified by the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design green building rating system.

Post-Retrofit Assessment of Lighting & HVAC Conditions in Three Tenanted Buildings – Liberty – PECO Smart Grid Investment Grant Program2013

The overall goal of this post-occupancy evaluation is to conduct research that supports building design and operating decisions that improve energy performance without sacrificing occupant satisfaction, health, safety or productivity.

Occupant Behavior in Response to Energy- Saving Retrofits and Operations2013

This study addresses occupant response to energy saving technologies and load shedding in the workplace. Particular focus is placed on satisfaction with environmental factors, usability of the new systems, work quality and productivity, and health.

Deep Energy Retrofit Modeling and Cost Effectiveness Study: A Technical Policy Brief2013

This document comprises a technical evaluation and policy brief by the Rutgers Center for Green Building, with assistance from industry consultants Kipcon Inc./Energy Squared, of the energy savings and cost of 10 commercial advanced energy retrofits (AERs).

Township of West Windsor Building Inventory and Energy Efficiency Targeted Marketing Approach for Building Owners2013

The premise of this project is that many of the existing barriers to increasing the uptake of Advanced Energy Retrofits in commercial and multi-family buildings in the U.S can be overcome through enabling local, state and federal policies and public-private partnerships.

Municipal Guidance for Promoting Energy Efficiency in the Private Sector2013

This policy brief focuses on how planning and zoning tools at the municipal level and public-private partnerships between municipalities and building owners can increase uptake of AERs.

Modeling Real Estate Market Responses to Climate Change in The Coastal Zone2013

This paper presents an agent-based model to capture some of the main features of the housing market that emerges from interactions between autonomous buyers and sellers.

HUD: Green and Active Living Design2013

The Center recently completed a three-year community based collaborative research study supported by the HUD’s (US Housing & Urban Development) Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control.

Investigating Opportunities for Improving Building Performance through Simulation of Occupant and Operator Behavior2013

This project had two goals: (1) improve the usability of green buildings, and (2) improve our ability to model human-technology interactions.

Water Mass Balances for the Solaire and the 2020 Tower: Implications for Closing the Water Loop in High-Rise Buildings2013

To ensure that the assumptions for the hypothetical building are appropriate, a one-year water balance was also conducted of the existing 27-story Solaire building that partly closes the water⁄wastewater loop, meters major water flows and implements low-flow⁄water conserving fixtures and appliances.

Technology diffusion and energy intensity in US commercial buildings2013

This paper analyzes the 1992 and 2003 US Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey microdata files to show the extent to which certain heating, cooling, lighting, and window technologies are entering use, and the resulting impacts on the intensity of energy use.

Explaining the adoption of energy-efficient technologies in U.S. commercial buildings2013

This paper investigates factors explaining the adoption of energy-efficient heating, cooling, window, and lighting technologies in U.S. commercial buildings.

Designing buildings for real occupants: An agent-based approach2013

This paper presents a framework for prospectively measuring the usability of designs before buildings are constructed, while there is still time to improve the design.

New Jersey Green Building Manual Best Practice Guidelines for Residential and Commercial Buildings2013

The New Jersey Green Building Manual provides economic and environmental best practices across the spectrum of green building categories including energy, emissions, water, waste, siting, transportation, and human health.

Investigating Building Performance Through Simulation of Occupant Behavior2013

This research investigates opportunities for improving building performance and occupant satisfaction through an iterative process of empirical fieldwork in green buildings and computer simulation modeling

Incorporating Occupant Perceptions and Behavior into BIM2013

This chapter introduces a simulation-modeling framework that highlights the occupant’s influence on building performance and seeks to provide a basis for prospectively assessing the user’s experience.

Green Living: Reducing the Individual’s Carbon Footprint2013

This research discusses green living and reducing the individual’s carbon footprint.

Planning2013

This publication discusses the profession of planning that has emerged over the last century focuses on the needs of places and the people who live in them.

Did that Plan Work? Post Occupancy Evaluation2013

This chapter explains several methods for studying attitudes and behaviors in a setting, and the physical setting itself.

An Agent Based Model of Household Water Use2013

This paper introduces such a framework, presenting an agent-based model of household water-consuming behavior.

Investigating Opportunities for Improving Building Performance Through Simulation of Occupant and Operator Behavior2013

The research investigates opportunities for improving building performance and occupant satisfaction through an iterative process of empirical fieldwork in green buildings and computer simulation modeling.

Occupant Behavior in Response to Energy-Saving Retrofits and Operations2013

This study addresses occupant response to energy saving technologies and load shedding in the workplace.

Simulation Modeling of Occupant Behavior in Commercial Buildings2013

A group at the Energy Efficient Buildings Hub is researching the links between energy efficiency and occupant behavior, and in addition to performing fieldwork and experiments.

NJ Climate Choice Home (NJCCH) Pilot Project2013

The Rutgers Center for Green Building created a comprehensive life cycle cost tool to analyze energy life cycle performance in a sample of pilot Climate Choice homes. 

Combining Community Resiliency and Energy Efficiency Retrofits: The Rutgers Center for Green Building with the Energy Efficient Buildings Hub (EEB Hub)2013

There is a unique multifaceted approach to investigating this question that is taking place in the greater Philadelphia area through the Energy Efficient Buildings Hub (EEB Hub).

New Jersey Association of Realtors (NJAR): Green Building Cost-Benefit Analysis2011

A detailed analysis of the upfront costs, operating savings, payback period, and appraisal and valuation benefits for these green features. The research looked at the costs and benefits of purchasing a green home on a life cycle basis, from upfront costs through expected resale value.

Barriers to Greater Penetration of Energy Efficient Wall Assemblies in the United States Housing Market2010

In 2010, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey and the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) partnered to compete as Team New Jersey in the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011 competition.

Green Niche Market: A Model with Heterogenous Agents2009

This article introduces a multiagent simulation framework for investigating the emergence of niche markets for environmentally innovative products.

New Jersey’s Green Home Remodeling Guidelines Version (NJGHRG) 1.02009

The Guidelines comprise a menu of ‘best practices’ organized by major building systems, including plenty of references to more technical guides for additional information.

Changing a firm’s environmental performance from within2008

Industrial ecologists are becoming interested in better understanding the influences on industrial structure and performance.

Optimality of Market-Based Regulations Depends Sensitively on the Profit Maximization Hypothesis2005

Conventional analysis of regulatory mechanisms typically demonstrates that market-based approaches out-perform command-and-control policies.

Grounded theory and multi-agent simulation for a small firm2005

This paper presents an empirically based, bottom-up view of organizational behavior, obtained by performing case studies of small firms in the New Jersey plastic injection molding industry, and then developing a multi-agent simulation model of such a firm.